Category Archives: SSI Alumni

New SSI Classic Videos

Last week I sent former SSI Vice President and forever Emeritus Board Member Gregg Maryniak a heads up that we were ready to start putting his 1992 SSI presentation to the AIAA up on the Space Studies Institute YouTube Channel and he wrote back inviting me to call for a chat. We spoke for about an hour of several things that I’m trying to work into future SSI posts but for right now I want you to know that Gregg is happy and well, Singularity University is happy and well, and Gregg hopes that you will enjoy the video.

I know that you will enjoy it.. it is an amazing video and very easy to see why the AIAA named Gregg a Distinguished Fellow for this presentation.

The entire original tape runs two hours, right now we have the first half ready for viewing and the second half will be coming along within a few days.

This is an SSI Classic: Space Studies Institute Executive Director Gregg Maryniak presents SSI’s The Harvest of Space at the AIAA Ventura-Pacific meeting in Oxnard, California April 22nd, 1992.

Talk about a session that packs it all in. Space Solar Power at 12:52, Bill Brown and the powerbeaming demo at 18:45 (far as I know, this is the only way you can now see that original Brown-voiced reel), Why don’t we have all this at 29:00, The Moon as a supermarket at 32:00, Mass Drivers at 35:00 and, as the announcers say “so much more!” :-).

I’ll let you know with a post on the SSI Facebook page when we have part two ready for watching. Spoiler: Along with even more of the historical SSI core, part two has a geologically historic moment as you’ll be seeing how the Joshua Tree Earthquake could sway the buildings of Southern California but not sway this Chicagoan from his focus :-).

That’s not the only video we hope you’ll make time to watch.

Several months ago long-time SSI Senior Associate Robert Sugg sent us a huge stack of SSI documents and files that we are scanning for research use and among them was a video that his father recorded over the air… of Carl Sagan addressing the Emerging Issues Forum in 1990.

Sagan and O’Neill had different ideas about the uses for Space (Jim Muncy has a great anecdote telling his view of both men in the May 1992 Newsletter), I’ve even heard The O’Neill/Sagan relationship described as ‘The Beatles vs The Rolling Stones – with the wrong guy wearing a Beatles haircut’ But in the end, this video shows that there were common concerns for the future of Earth underneath the differing opinions of the role Human Beings should play in Space.

We added this interesting video as the first in a new video playlist called “SSI Associate Videos”, plus you can get to it directly by clicking this link.

And there’s another video that you really have to see, it’s been on the SSI YouTube Channel for a while but its viewing count tells me that I’ve not done enough to point it out. YouTube pros say that people today have very short attention spans and long is bad… but this 59 minute video is great and it is worth your time.  It’s Jo Franklin’s wrap up episode of her documentary series “The Great Space Race”, titled “The Next Civilization”.

Yesterday morning I put it on while I was making my coffee and the next thing I knew I was four cups in and still sitting at the table watching instead of mowing my poor lawn. Yes, there are hindsight issues, we always think the future is closer than it turns out to be. Yes, there are some dated visuals… but the interview segments with SSI’s (and NASA’s) Thomas Paine plus Gerard K. O’Neill, Freeman Dyson and many others on all sides of the question of Humanity Beyond Earth are simply timeless. This debate, alas, continues in much the same way right now and knowing the feelings of the brightest minds from all generations is good knowledge to have.

For a long time the Great Space Race series was a top seller at the NASM and if you don’t want to pay the high prices for used on ebay I believe that you can get copies of the complete set or individual episodes by dropping a note to Seacastlefilms AT gmail.com .

We won’t be able to make this video available for free for much longer, Ms. Franklin would really like to produce an updated addition to The Great Space Race series and allowed us to show episode 4 for a limited time to help that cause. I think a production with her experience behind it would be truly excellent… I wish I could think of a good idea for how she might jump-start such a project.

If you have YouTube on your smart TV or Roko why not play it on the big screen for the whole family.  YouTube on a small screen is fine for little things, but Space is big and a real PBS production like The Next Civilization deserves a real viewing experience.

SSI Senior Associate Joe Strout presents The High Frontier Simulation “Game”

High Frontier Simulation Design Mode screen shot
High Frontier Simulation Design Mode screen shot

SSI Senior Associate Joe Strout has been working very hard on the High Frontier simulation project for quite some time and following the successful Kickstarter campaign the project has been coming along in solid steps.

Joe just sent us all a couple of screen shots and this information:

“DesignMode [shown above] is probably the better one; it shows off some of the parameters that will be of interest to SSI members, and is a more colorful image.  But the MainAsteroidBelt image {see the bottom of this page] is a recent one showing off a feature coming in the *next* release, which is building a colony in orbit around an asteroid.  Unfortunately it’s a bit dark (hey, the main belt is quite far from the Sun!).”

While there are many recent video games set off-Earth, some even extremely popular (Halo, Doom, Borderlands, Destiny and the upcoming Mass Effect: Andromeda jump immediately to mind) they mostly use the locations simply as backgrounds and the core is the shoot-em-up action – this isn’t a slight against them, mine is a gaming family and I play all of those and more.  Other games do offer creative complexity and thoughtful exploration (Such as No Man Sky or Star Citizen – Star Citizen is Ed O’Neill’s passion, btw) but still, it’s not like you are getting the chance to play out the details of O’Neill’s concepts.

Strout’s High Frontier is different.

We hope you’ll head over to his site to check out those details, it’s got a pretty easy url ;-) : http://highfrontier.com

Here’s a  YouTube video from Joe’s – Absolutely Excellent – 2015 TedX talk about the project and “The Vision”:

And here’s a link to a recent story about the whole project: http://www.nextbigfuture.com/2016/11/tedx-talk-making-case-for-orbital-space.html

Nice work Joe,  SSI is proud to have you as a Senior Associate and glad to see you putting your heart into the challenge from our founder:

“Make something… Make The High Frontier” – Gerard K. O’Neill

High Frontier Simulation Asteroid location
High Frontier Simulation Asteroid location

 

Quickie: Jeff Bezos on The High Frontier

SSI Senior Associate Dr. Justin Karl sends all Associates this heads up:

http://www.geekwire.com/2016/jeff-bezos-space-colonies-oneill/

It was a race, SAs Bob and Sharon Brodbeck sent that link at nearly the same time.

And SA John Jossy  (did you hear him with Gary on the Space Show last week?), emailed about this one:

http://us.blastingnews.com/news/2016/10/blue-origin-s-jeff-bezos-revives-the-idea-of-free-flying-o-neill-space-colonies-001218835.html

We put it on the newly re-started SSI Facebook page… do you connect to the SSI Facebook page?

It’s at:  https://www.facebook.com/SpaceStudiesInstitute/

SSI Supermodels (part 2): Make your own SSI Mass Driver

[looking for part 1 – the O’Neill Cylinder Model?  click here!]

In the early 1980s, Dr. Richard Woodbridge III, a Princeton graduate and retired Vice-President of the New York Life Insurance Company was SSI’s Executive Vice President. The SSI Conference Proceedings and SSI Update Newsletter Archives document much of Dr. Woodbridge’s excellent volunteer work for the Institute, but one little thing he did seems to have stuck in the minds of many long-time SSI Associates: The 3 page paper “How To Make A Model Mass Driver.”

Mass Driver Model page 1
Mass Driver Model project page 1

 

This short document gave everyone with a little extra weekend time the hands-on experience and personal pride of building a conceptual model of one of the most important engineering aspects of The High Frontier Concept.

The SSI Mass Driver is *THE* mechanism to cost effectively launch the raw materials that make those huge SSI Space Manufacturing Facilities, Island Colonies and civilization-changing Solar Power Satellites.

The biggest restriction to such HUGE engineering projects is the cost of lifting the dumb mass of their infrastructures – not the high tech parts, those add up to only a small percentage of the total weight and established rocket technologies can handle that – it’s the dumb support structures that can not be lifted economically from the surface of the Earth. But lifting the raw mass from the surface of the Moon or from Asteroids is a totally different cost structure… when you add the simplicity of the Mass Driver technology.

This small model is a very low powered concept project. It dosn’t have any photoelectric beam detection to automatically turn on the switch as the driver is coming near – a series of these and timing to alternate the currents to provide pull and push forces at the proper moments is how you get the huge speeds in short runs. And this model running at your house doesn’t have the vacuum or the low temperatures that make the Mag-Lev guide system of a real Mass Driver as amazingly efficient. But it IS a working model of the coil pull part of the equation.

It’s a thought starter, great for anyone who has been looking for a jump start warm up project to get the wheels turning on Space Manufacturing and it’s excellent for kids in grades 5-12 looking for a unique Science Fair presentation. Plus, as I found when making mine for the video, it’s just plain fun.

You can just watch the video on the SSI YouTube Channel but to get the full picture you should take the few minutes to read the text of the original paper below; It adds extra enhancements that can make your model a bit more exciting than the one I made for demonstration.

By the way, after seeing that pre-wound spools of 18-20 gauge wire weren’t being wound as accurately as companies had done in the past, I got actual original Radio Shack wire spools on Amazon for just a few bucks, and Home Depot sold me the doorbell button for a penny. In all, the cost was about ten dollars and I did the whole thing in about ten minutes (including the time spent swearing about burning the insulation near the solder point – D’OH!)

***

HOW TO MAKE A MODEL MASS DRIVER
BY RICHARD G. WOODBRIDGE III

HOW A MASS DRIVER WORKS

A mass driver has four parts:

1. The MASS that shoots out into space.
2. The DRIVER that pushes the mass out and then stays behind to be used again.
3. The ENERGIZING COILS that make the driver move, and
4. The ELECTRICITY, in our model from a battery, which moves through the energizing coils turning them into a magnet which draws the driver into the inside of the coils, pushing the mass, then stopping the driver. The mass shoots out into space.

Space Studies Institute Make It Yourself Mass Driver image 1

Space Studies Institute make it yourself Mass Driver image 2

HERE ARE THE PARTS YOU CAN USE:

The MASS. Use a small piece of wood from a wooden match, or toothpick, or twig. Or a small brass screws. That is – something that is not iron or magnetic.

The DRIVER. This must be of iron like a piece iron rod and it must be thin enough to fit inside the plastice drinking straw. A Number 6 or Number 8 Finishing nail works well. A Finishing Nail is a nail with hardly any head.

The ENERGIZING COILS. You can get from a store that sells electronic parts HOOK-UP WIRE that is wound on a hollow plastic core. Get from Radio Shack a spool of No. 18 gauge hook-up wire, 55 feet, stranded. One end of the coil is free on the outside. The other end of the coil sticks out into the inside of the spool. So, you have an energizing coil right there. Scrape the insulation off each wire about a half an inch. This may be tricky for the end that sticks out into the hollow core is short.

The ELECTRICITY. Use a 6 volt lantern battery.

The PLASTIC DRINKING STRAW. You can get from your grocery store (and many other stores). Whatever you get needs to be about 1/4 an inch in diameter and smooth inside.

The SWITCH. At your hardware store get a doorbell button.

DIRECTIONS:

Connect the wires as shown. Put the drinking straw through the spool of wire as near the center as you can. you can pack tissue or modeling putty around the straw to hold it in place. Put in the piece of match stick (which is the MASS), and then put in the nail behind it just so the head end slightly enters the coils.

Press the switch and hold it down a second. The DRIVER will be drawn into the coil. The MASS will fly out the other end. The DRIVER will stay behind.

You have made a mass driver! Not very spectacular, but is is a mass driver.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

To make the mass driver more powerful add another 6 volt battery, that is, in series, the plus of one battery to the minus of the other.

A word about what is happening. Do you remember where it is said to hold the switch down for a second? Well, if you let the switch up too soon the coil cannot stop the DRIVER and the DRIVER will shoot out. That is because thie coil does not have the time to draw the DRIVER back before the electricity is turned off.

Also, if you happen to lift the switch, that is stop the electricity just as the DRIVER is being drawn back, the DRIVER may shoot out the back of the tube. So, WARNING, do not get in front of the mass driver. Do not get in back of the mass driver. And do not let anyone else!

A WORD ABOUT COILS

If you cannot for some reason get a hold of the inside end of the coil there are two choices, unwind the coil, get the other end, and rewind it on the same spool, or better yet, though it is fairly hard to do, wind you own coil. If you do wind you own coil then you can have a much more powerful mass driver!

A MORE POWERFUL MASS DRIVER:

The idea is simple, make the wire of the coils much closer to the drinking straw. You could wind the wire right on the drinking straw, but that is very hard to do because the drinking straw is not very strong.

It is best to wind the wire on a piece of a wooden dowel, 1/4 inch in diameter. This wil give you a coil with a center hole (after pulling the dowel out) into which you can slide on the drinking straw. Make the new coil about two inches long and wind all 55 feet on it. The sounds easy, but it is not. It is best to think of rolling the wire on the dowel by turning the dowel and unrolling the wire from the spool.

As you wind, try to keep each winding touching the one before it. You will find that the windings tend to separate one from another and fall apart, stick them together using pieces of tape sticky pieces you can cut off the ends of plastic Band-Aids. you can also use a piece of this sticky tape to fix the wire on the dowel when you start winding. Finish by coating several times with clear nail polish.

ALTERNATIVES

WIRE: Can use Bell Wire (from your hardware store) or 20 gauge hook-up wire.
WINDING: Can wind coil on a wooden pencil. A No. 2 of No.3.
BATTERY: Can use a 10 volt lantern battery.
IDEAS: Make scenery for the mass driver, like on the surface of the Moon or Mars or put out in space with the stars. You can set things up so that a little light flashes on when the switch is turned on, Use your imagination.

IMPORTANT PARTS AND COSTS

Battery – 6 volt lantern battery. Hardware store. $8.40
Wire – Spool of Hook-Up Wire, 18 gauge, stranded, 55 feet. From Radio Shack $2.19
Switch – Doorbell button. Hardware store. $2.40

Copyright 1986 by Richard G. Woodbridge III

***

fyi: we have recently found a trove of photographs of the making of the original SSI and SSI/MIT Mass Drivers. We’ll be releasing those in a special way soon. Also, there are a LOT of MD related items in the SSI Newsletter Archives including one issue from Summer 1980 where Gerry dedicates a whole article to details that will make perfect sense to anyone  who has made their own simple working model.