SPACE MANUFACTURING 1983

AN AMERICAN ASTRONAUTICAL SOCIETY PUBLICATION

Edited by
James D. Burke
April S. Whitt

Volume 53
ADVANCES IN THE ASTRONAUTICAL SCIENCES
Proceedings of a
Conference held
May 9-12, 1983 at
Princeton University,
New Jersey 08540

Published for the American Astronautical Society by
Univelt, Incorporated, P.O. Box 28130, San Diego, California 92128
Copyright 1983 by
AMERICAN ASTRONAUTICAL SOCIETY
AAS Publications Office
P. 0. Box 28130
San Diego, California 92128

Affiliated with the American Association for the Advancement of Science
Member of the International Astronautical Federation
First Printing 1983
Library of Congress Card No. 57-43769
ISSN 065-3438
ISBN 0-87703-188-6 (Hard Cover)
ISBN 0-87703-189-4 (Soft Cover)
Published for the American Astronautical Society
by Univelt, Inc., P. 0. Box 28130, San Diego, California 92128

CONTENTS

FOREWORD, Welcoming Remarks, Robert G. Jahn, pg. vii
PREFACE, Opening Remarks, Gerard K. O’Neill, pg. ix
INTRODUCTION, pg. 1
Keynote Address, S.M. Bogdonoff, pg. 3

BIOMEDICAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES, pg. 7
Habitability Design Elements for a Space Station (AAS 83-200)
Maynard C. Dalton, pg. 9
Probable Missions and Transportation Scenarios to use Regenerative Life Support Systems (AAS 83-201)
Tim Vinopal, Edith Gustan, Richard Olson, pg. 27
Space Stations: The Next Step in Space? (AAS 83-202)
John M. Logsdon, pg. 45
Understanding Space Settlements as Human Systems (AAS 83-204)
Frank White, pg. 59
From Africa to the Stars: The Evolution of the Exploring Animal (AAS 83-205)
Ben R. Finney, Eric M. Jones, pg. 85

SPACE STATIONS AND HABITATS, pg. 105
A Program to Develop Efficient Manned Operations in Space (AAS 83-207)
Richard Kline, pg. 107
Reusable Commercial Space Processing Platforms (AAS 83-208)
Dietrich E. Koelle, pg. 119
Should People, Robots, or Hybrids Operate a Space Station? (AAS 83-209) (Abstract)
Robert A. Frosch, pg. 135

MANUFACTURING, pg. 137
Electrophoretic Purification of Cells in Space: Evaluation of Results from STS-3 (AAS 83-212)
Burton E. Sarnoff, M. Elaine Kunze, Paul Todd, pg. 139
Power Requirements for Lunar Installations (AAS 83-215)
J. Alex Gimarc, pg. 149
Telecommunication Systems for Large-Scale Space Manufacturing Activity (AAS 83-216)
Dean Olmstead, Martin A. Rothblatt, pg. 157
The Development of a Composite Beam Building Machine for On-Site Construction of Large Space Structures (AAS 83-217)
W. Brandt Goldsworthy, pg. 177
Design of the Electrophoresis Experiment for STS-4 and STS-6 (AAS 83-218)
David W. Richman, pg. 183

INTERNATIONAL/LEGAL CONSIDERATIONS, pg. 189
Space Law: Current Status and Issues (AAS 83-220)
S. Neil Hosenball, pg. 191
Major Concerns of Private Enterprise Regarding Recent Developments in Space Law (AAS 83-221)
Stephen Gorove, pg. 199
International Aspects of Commercial Space Activities (AAS 83-222)
Kenneth S. Pedersen, pg. 209

UNISPACE ’82 and the Private Sector (AAS 83-224)
Richard DalBello, Gordon Law, Ray Williamson, pg. 219
A Legal Charter for Non-Governmental Space Industrialization (AAS 83-225)
Martin A. Rothblatt, pg. 229
Making the High Frontier Highly Visible with a Solar Sail Race to the Moon (AAS 83-226)
Guy Pignolet, pg. 249
Emerging Government Regulation of American Space Entrepeneurs (AAS 83-227)
James R. Myers, pg. 259

MATERIALS RESOURCES AND PROCESSING, pg. 273
Solar Furnace Extraction of Volatiles, Metals and Ceramics from Nonterrestrial Materials (AAS 83-228) (Summary)
William N. Agosto, pg. 275
Lunar Ores (AAS 83-229)
Stephen L. Gillett, pg. 277
Non-Electrolytic Route to Oxygen and Metallic Elements from Lunar Soil (AAS 83-230)
R.D. Waldron, pg. 297
Electrostatic Separation of Binary Comminuted Mineral Mixtures (AAS 83-231)
William N. Agosto, pg. 315
Laboratory Investigation of HF Acid Leach Process for Refining Lunar Materials: Preliminary Results (AAS 83-232) (Abstract)
R.D. Waldron, pg. 335
A Method for Mining Lunar Soil (AAS 83-234)
Richard E. Gertsch, pg. 337
Processing of Extraterrestrial Materials by High Temperature Vacuum Vaporization (AAS 83-235)
Robert T. Grimley, Michael E. Lipschutz, pg. 347
Extraction and Purification of Iron-Group and Precious Metals from Asteroidal Feedstocks (AAS 83-236)
John S. Lewis, Stewart Nozette, pg. 351

ACCELERATORS AND ASTEROIDS, pg. 355
Interstellar Nomads (AAS 83-238)
Eric M. Jones, Ben R. Finney, pg. 357
Mining the Earth-Approaching Asteroids for their Precious and Strategic Metals (AAS 83-239)
Brian O’Leary, pg. 375
Mass Driver III: Construction, Testing and Comparison to Computer Simulation (AAS 83-240)
Leslie O. Snively, Gerard K. O’Neill, pg. 391

ECONOMICS, pg. 403
Contemporary Business Outlook for Large Space Ventures: Financing, Management, Construction (AAS 83-242)
Todd B. Hawley, pg. 405
The Economics of Space Manufacturing: Some Fundamental Propositions (AAS 83-243)
Alex G. Vicas, pg. 413
International Competition in Commercial Aerospace Markets (AAS 83-244)
Ann M. Deering, William A. Good, pg. 421
The Global Commons Revisited–Regional Versus Global Strategies in Orbit Spectrum Management (AAS 83-245)
Harvey J. Levin, pg. 431
Encouraging Business Ventures in Space Technologies (AAS 83-246)
Erasmus H. Kloman, pg. 441
Finding Place in Space for Private Enterprise (AAS 83-247)
Per Magnus Wijkman, pg. 445
SUMMARY, pg. 457
Biomedical/Social Sciences (AAS 83-248)
Kerry Jo‘ls, B.J. Bluth, pg. 459
Space Stations (AAS 83-249)
Daniel Herman, pg. 462
Manufacturing (AAS 83-250)
Charles Schmidt, pg. 465
International/Legal Considerations (AAS 83-251)
Irv Pikus, pg. 466
Materials Processing (AAS 83-252)
Robert Waldron, pg. 468
Asteroids and Accelerators (AAS 83-253)
Eric Jones, pg. 469
Economics (AAS 83-254)
Clas Wihlborg, pg. 470

INDEX, pg. 471
Numerical Index, pg. 473
Author Index, pg. 477

Technology for Human Space Settlement